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What is BitTorrent and how does it work?

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What is BitTorrent?

BitTorrent is a way of transferring data that enables peer-to-peer file sharing and distribution of massive amounts of data over the Internet. 


How does BitTorrent work?
Rather than downloading from one source server - like when you download from cloud sources [SoundCloud, for example], BitTorrent lets you join other users on the Internet to download and upload from each other, at the same time. 

When you download using BitTorrent, you first get a .torrent file. It's sort of like a shortcut or an alias - in itself it doesn't contain any media, but it knows what the media is [it indexes it], and more importantly, by talking to a tracker, where the media is.

Once you have the .torrent file, you use a BitTorrent client (like FrostWire) to download the media that's connected to the .torrent file from other BitTorrent users. Those peers (users seeding the files) need to be connected to the network and seeding (making pieces of the files available for download). The process of downloading is called leeching

The media files never get downloaded in one big chunk, instead they come in many small pieces from many different peers, all at the same time. That makes the download process a lot faster. The files come from many to one, not one to one (like when you use HTTP in your browser)


There is A LOT MORE to the BitTorrent protocol. We've tried to make it as simple as possible to explain in few sentences. Please read up more on Wikipedia if you want to get more advanced.


Read More: How to download BitTorrent files using FrostWire?


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